Some of the first known frames were used with the Egyptian portraits of the dead. Also known as Fayum mummy portraits, these works of art were framed with wood and fabric. It's believed they were displayed in the home of the deceased person before being permanently placed on the mummy.
Fayum portraits are considered to be the oldest modernist paintings and the first forms of framed art. An artist would paint an image of the deceased using a technique known as encaustic. The process required mixing colored pigment with heated beeswax.